1Zhengzhou University, Henan Academy of Big Data, Zhengzhou 450052, China
EXTENDED ABSTRACT: How to identify multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs) with desired properties from a huge composition space with faster and lower cost remains a grand challenge. Here, we introduce two machine learning approaches to efficiently design alloys with multiple excellent properties. Method 1: Build a high-precision multi-objective machine learning model based on experimental data of strength and ductility in the literature. We find that lower valence electron concentration, higher melting points, and near-zero mixing entropy exert the strongest contributions to the strengthductility trade-off, and use polynomial fitting to engineer the characteristic contribution trends of the alloys. Method 2: A loop ensemble is formed in the order of molecular dynamics simulation, machine learning, and multi-objective efficient global optimization algorithms. Some surrogate models with R2>99% are established, and the surrogate models are applied in the virtual space, combined with a multi-objective efficient global optimization algorithm to screen excellent performance components. The current work shows that properties fitting can be accomplished effectively by machine learning, which is expected to accelerate the discovery of novel MPEAs with multiple properties at low cost.
Keywords: multi-principal alloy, multi-objective performance, machine learning, alloys design.
Ren Jingli, Professor of Zhengzhou University, and currently is the Deputy Dean of Herran Academy of Big Data. She won the New Century Excellent Researcher of Ministry of Education, AvH Fellow, Academic Leader in Henan Province, Outstanding Expert of Henan Province, etc. Her research interests include applied mathematics and data science. SShe published over 90 international journal papers in Acta Mater.、 Appl. Phys. Lett.、 IEEE Trans. SMC、 Infor. Sci.、 J. Stat. Phys.、 J. Nonlinear Sci.、 Phys. Rev. B、 Phys. Rev. E、 Phys. Rev. Mater.、 Sci. China Infor. Sci.、 Sci. China Math.、 Sci. China Phys. and Sci. China Mater., etc, which involve many science fields such as mathematics, information, statistics, materials and physics.