Standardization of Technological Innovation Drives High Quality Development of Material Industry

Standardization of Technological Innovation Drives High Quality Development of Material Industry

Haizhou Wang*
China Iron & Steel Research Institute Group, Beijing, 100081, China

Abstract:Standard is the universal language in the world and based on the comprehensive results of science, technology and experience. Technological innovation and standardization are further integrated with the shortening of technological innovation cycle. From technical achievements to the formation of products, and then to the scale, serialization and marketization of products, standards are needed. The formulation, implementation and revision of standards are exactly the process of innovation, application and re-innovation of science and technology. Standardization leads to the improvement of scientific and technological innovation level. It has promoted the transformation of technological achievements that standards were formulated based on the experience and achievements of technological innovation. Advanced technology can be implemented in a wider range with the carrier of standards, which accelerates the industrialization of innovation achievements. Standards and standardization activities have experienced a thousand years of development. In ancient China 300 B.C., "standard" had been discussed clearly with the verse of "no rule can be made round" written by Mengzi. Since the industrial revolution, the rapid development of modern standards has greatly promoted the social and economic development and technological progress. The standardization of materials and testing has played an important role in the development of materials science, material industry and material application. However, there are many problems in the existing standards. 1. The supply of standards is insufficient (with the rapid development of material industry, some new materials / products or technologies have no standards to follow, which affects the stable production and application of new materials / products; the increasingly diversified application of materials / technologies, and the lack of suitable standards for materials / technologies suitable for application). 2. Cross repetition / inconsistency of standards (the same product, the same technology / method, the same use environment, different standards, inconsistent expression, and even cross contradiction). 3. The standard system is not complete (incomplete material standard system, poor correlation, incomplete matching of testing technical standards, lack of process control and evaluation standards, unable to meet the needs of high-quality development).

In the new era, the revolution of industrial model and the transformation of standard system of quality infrastructure have been promoted by the rapid development of materials genome engineering, artificial intelligence, internet and other science and technology, and also the innovation research and progress of new materials and new processes. In June 4, 2017, Standards Committee of China materials and testing group (CSTM) was formally established under the support of Chinese Academy of Engineering, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and National Standard Commission. The goal of CSTM is to establish a society standard system that is systematic, advanced, applicable, timeliness, pluralistic, inclusive and dynamic, to meet the needs of the end users of materials, to promote the coordination of material suppliers and users' technical standards, to achieve technological progress in the field of materials, and to realize the coordination and synchronization of R & D and industrial development. It is expected to form a standard system covering the whole industrial chain and the whole life cycle, from material research to achievement transformation to make product to large-scale production to product service, so as to help the high-quality development of the material industry. At present, CSTM has set up 20 field committees (another 7 are under construction), 44 technical committees and possesses more than 2500 committee experts. CSTM has formulated and issued 207 society standards, focusing on test standards and product standards. CSTM has applied for 447 standards, covering steel, chemical, nonferrous, building materials, petroleum and petrochemical engineering, special equipment, textile, inorganic nonmetallic, battery aviation materials, corrosion protection and other important fields.

The definition of standards and standardization has been constantly updated. ISO revised the definitions of standards and standardization five times from 1960s to 1986. In the great changes of science and technology, the definition and cognition of standards and standardization have also changed greatly. It is necessary to endow standards and standardization with more profound connotation. It seems that standards and standardization can be understood as "entropy reduction", that is, "orderly" rules and activities. "Entropy reduction" will break through the traditional thinking of "lag" of standards and establish a new scientific research standard system. It will fully show the leading role of standards in some scientific research activities (such as 5G standards), standardization (machine learning, database, etc.), correctness (validity of scientific data), high efficiency (MGE and other innovative and orderly methods to improve efficiency of scientific research), repeatability (achievement transformation).

As an important exploration and demonstration of promoting standards and standardization in the field of scientific research, on November 22, 2017, MGE Field Committee of CSTM was first established during 1st Forum of MGE. The world's first standard General rule for materials genome engineering data was released in August 2019. A number of technical standards for high throughput original position statistical reflection characterization of large-scale components have been formulated, which combining with national key industrialization projects of high-speed train wheel and axle. The innovative method of MGE has provided scientific support for evaluating the quality of relevant material components. For now, 13 MGE standards of CSTM have been applied for and more than 30 MGE standards have been planned. CSTM will ensure the research activities and achievements of MGE possessing character of leading, normative, accurate, efficient and reproducible. The standardization innovation of MGE will strongly drive and support the high-quality development of material industry.

Keywords: CSTM standards; MGE; entropy reduction 

Brief Introduction of Speaker
Wang Haizhou

Wang Haizhou,Academician of CAE,Professor of China Iron & Steel Research Institute Group (CISRI), Director of Standardization Committee of CSTM, Director of Beijing Key Laboratory of Metal Material Characterization. The major research : High Throughput Original Position Statistic Reflection Characterization of MGE and Development of Analytical System. Prof. Wang put forward a new characterization concept of Original Position Statistic Distribution Analysis (OPA) which realized the quantitative characterization of composition and
state on large scale material. The OPA Technique was approved National Technology Invention Awards (2nd class) and the Analytical System of Trace Elements in Super Alloy which solved the analyzing issue of low melting point trace elements was approved by National Science & Technique Progress Awards (2nd class).